Los innumerables efectos de la práctica del yoga sobre la salud.


No es casualidad que desde tiempos ancestrales, la práctica del yoga haya sido considerada como una fuente de beneficios físicos y psíquicos de elevada incidencia.  En tiempos recientes, es elevado el número de estudios científicos que ponen de manifiesto los beneficios de la práctica del yoga sobre nuestra salud.

De hecho, la práctica del yoga está altamente recomendada por los sistemas sanitarios más avanzados del mundo, como una alternativa natural a la conservación del bienestar y la salud.  No olvidemos que al fin y al cabo los estudios científicosmás avanzados interconectan la salud biofísica con los estados conscientes de bienestar emocional.

No cabe duda que en el ámbito de la denominada epigenética, ya se cuentan por miles los estudios que sugieren esta interelación y es precisamente esta circunstancia la que hace que cada vez más la ciencia profundice sobre los beneficios del yoga y sus efectos sobre determinados aspectos de la salud humana.

El último estudio que recientemente ha sido publicado el 3  de marzo de 2016, por el equipo científico compuesto por  Hernández SE, Suero J, Barros A, González-Mora JL, Rubia K , con título “Increased Grey Matter Associated with Long-Term Sahaja Yoga Meditation: A Voxel-Based Morphometry Study.” (Incremento de la Materia Gris Asociada con la Meditación a largo plazo de Yoga Sahaga ), publicado por el Centro de Neurociencia Cognitiva en Francia, Referencia PLoS ONE 11(3): e0150757. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0150757, pone de relieve que realmente existen datos objetivos para afirmar un incremento de la materia gris, en las personas que mantienen prácticas de meditación consciente tales como la analizada en el estudio.

Para aquellos que estén interesados en descargar y analizar la metodología, datos, y contenido del estudio, remitimos al original en http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0150757

Adicionalmente, existen muchas más referencias reportadas de estudios con efectos importantes sobre todas las funciones del organismo humano. Por lo queno cabe duda que el yoga realizado a largo plazo realmente tiene efectos beneficiosos y claramente medibles sobre la salud humana.

Baste citar aquí a modo de ejemplo otras referencias científicas recientes:

1.-Cambios sobre la sangre y los linfocitos: http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0061910  (Qu S, Olafsrud SM, Meza-Zepeda LA, Saatcioglu F (2013) Rapid Gene Expression Changes in Peripheral Blood Lymphocytes upon Practice of a Comprehensive Yoga Program. PLoS ONE 8(4): e61910. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0061910)

Otras referencias científicas de interés sobre el mismo punto:

 

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  • 4. Shankar SSR (2010) Patanjali Yoga Sutras: Art of Living Press.
  • 5. Kuntsevich V, Bushell WC, Theise ND (2010) Mechanisms of yogic practices in health, aging, and disease. Mt Sinai J Med 77: 559–569. doi: 10.1002/msj.20214
  • 6. Pilkington K, Kirkwood G, Rampes H, Richardson J (2005) Yoga for depression: the research evidence. J Affect Disord 89: 13–24. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2005.08.013
  • 7. Pullen PR, Nagamia SH, Mehta PK, Thompson WR, Benardot D, et al. (2008) Effects of yoga on inflammation and exercise capacity in patients with chronic heart failure. J Card Fail 14: 407–413. doi: 10.1016/j.cardfail.2007.12.007
  • 8. Janakiramaiah N, Gangadhar BN, Naga Venkatesha Murthy PJ, Harish MG, Subbakrishna DK, et al. (2000) Antidepressant efficacy of Sudarshan Kriya Yoga (SKY) in melancholia: a randomized comparison with electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) and imipramine. J Affect Disord 57: 255–259. doi: 10.1016/s0165-0327(99)00079-8
  • 9. Kjellgren A, Bood SA, Axelsson K, Norlander T, Saatcioglu F (2007) Wellness through a comprehensive yogic breathing program – a controlled pilot trial. BMC Complement Altern Med 7: 43. doi: 10.1186/1472-6882-7-43
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2.-Conexión consciente entre mente y biofísica: http://blogs.plos.org/neuroanthropology/2014/05/19/connecting-mind-body-yoga-embodied-cognition/

Otras referencias científicas de interés:

Downey, G. (2007). Seeing with a ‘sideways glance’: Visuomotor ‘knowing’ and the plasticity of perception. In M. Harris (Ed.), Ways of knowing: Anthropological approaches to crafting experience and knowledge. New York: Berghan Books.

Hertzman, C. & Boyce, T. (2010). How experience gets under the skin to create gradients in developmental health. Annual Review of Public Health, 55, 329-347. doi: 10.1146/annurev.publhealth.012809.103538

Impett, E. A., Daubenmier, J. J., & Hirschman, A. L. (2006). Minding the body: Yoga, embodiment, and well-being. Sexuality Research & Social Policy: A Journal Of The NSRC, 3(4), 39-48. doi:10.1525/srsp.2006.3.4.39

Koziol, L., Budding, D., & Chidekel, D. (2012). From movement to thought: Executive function, embodied cognition, and the cerebellum. Cerebellum, 11(2), 505. doi:10.1007/s12311-011-0321-y

Newman, J. L., Mueller, U., & Overton, W. F. (2008). Developmental perspectives on embodiment and consciousness. New York: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Mascia-Lees, F. E. (2011). Introduction. In Frances E. Mascia-Lees, A companion to the anthropology of the body and embodiment [electronic resource] (1-2). Chichester, West Sussex, U.K. ; Malden, MA : Wiley-Blackwell, 2011

Shapiro, L. A. (2011). Embodied cognition [electronic resource]. New York: Routledge, 2011.

Shepard, G. (2004). A sensory ecology of medicinal plant therapy in two Amazonian societies. American Anthropologist, 106(2), 252-266.

Wilk, R. R., & Haenn, N. (2006). The Environment in Anthropology : A Reader in Ecology, Culture, and Sustainable Living. New York: New York University Press.

Wilson, A. & Golonka, S. (2013). Embodied cognition is not what you think it is. Frontiers in Psychology, 4, 1-13. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00058

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